“Culling is the sorting or segregation of fresh harvested produce into marketable lots, with the non-marketable lots being discarded or diverted into food processing or non-food processing activities.”
The Clallam County Gleaning Program has a much less formal process for recovering culls compared with Fruit Tree Harvest and Market Recovery, however, the program yields thousands of pounds of culls. To incorporate culls into a food recovery program, the coordinator/gleaners must have some flexibility. Culling is not an exact science and the amount of culled produce will change from year to year on any given crop type. Over several years some farmers may have estimates on the ratio of marketable and culled produce in terms of plantings, total poundage and space for plantings but too many factors are at play that makes cull recovery an unpredictable pursuit.
That is not to say that the program is not worth the trouble. Cull recovery provides the highest impact collection events in the program in terms of poundage and volume. This is due to the nature of the culling process. It would not be efficient for a farmer to have field labor sort a given crop type for one hour every day. The culling process lasts for the duration of the harvest which for a small farm may be less than a week. The bulk of culling for a given crop is usually done over a short period of time, which leads to huge piles of marketable produce and culled produce. The decision on what to do with the culls is usually predetermined by the farmer and if the gleaning coordinator is not in the running to recover the culls they are headed for compost or livestock.
This is why it is important to start building relationships with farmers as soon as possible. Don’t make the mistake of competing with the farmer’s pigs or chickens. In the spring while things are being planted and the air is crisp, talk with local farmers about the use of their culled produce. Believe it or not, most farmers grow food with the intention of feeding people. Experience has showed that farmers are often happy to provide culls to those in need and more often than not prefer it to compost and livestock feed.
The flexibility required by a program coordinator and involved gleaners to gather culls necessitates quick response time, lots of boxes on hand, and a tolerance for food waste.
WSU Extension builds the capacity of individuals, organizations, businesses and communities, empowering them to find solutions for local issues and to improve their quality of life. The 39 Extension locations throughout the state of Washington offer researched based resources and volunteer programing to communities in efforts to create a culture of life-long learning and is recognized for its accessible, learner-centered, relevant, high-quality, unbiased educational programs. Over 100 years ago The Extension service was originally funded by the Smith-Lever Act of 1914 which established the Cooperative Extension service across the country.
The Clallam County Extension, located in Port Angeles, is home to many programs that connect the people and communities of Clallam County with the knowledge base of Washington State University. These programs include: Master Gardeners, 4-H, Small Farms, Waste Reduction, Food and Nutrition and Water Protection. The Food Recovery Coordinator position was created in 2016 to better serve the existing gleaning program. Before the creation of this position the gleaning program had served the community for eight years but never with the attention of a full time position. Today the gleaning program has over 300 volunteers who pick produce from residential trees, farm production overages, community garden donations and extras from a local farmer’s market. The gleaning coordinator promotes the program by presenting public lectures, reaching out to volunteer organizations, teaching youth groups, attending local events and by putting out press releases. Home owners are more than happy to hear there is a volunteer based organization willing to pick their unusable fruit and veggies. Once the produce has been picked a portion is taken home to family and friends and the rest is brought to a local food service program, most often a food bank. The gleaning program takes pride in turning potential food waste into a community resource.